Approach towards Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs)
NAMAs are seen as concrete measures to achieve the objectives of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) that were adopted through the Paris Agreement at COP21 in December 2015. 43 NDCs specifically mention NAMAs as an implementation modality for the NDC. In order to underscore this conceptual linkage between NDCs and NAMAs, the NAMA Facility requires NSP Outlines to refer specifically to the country’s NDC context.
Although a closer definition of NAMAs has not been concluded under the UNFCCC, international dialogues have shown that there is an emerging consensus among developing and developed country governments, practitioners and international donor institutions on some fundamental elements of NAMAs, which serve to strengthen their transformational change potential.
According to this consensus:
- NAMAs should be country-driven and anchored in national development strategies and plans.
- NAMAs should strive to be sector-wide programmes that are national in scope, even if regional or municipal elements could form part of the overall design.
- NAMAs should consist of a combination of policies and financial mechanisms. Policies should serve to create an enabling environment and channel financial flows into low-carbon investments. Financial mechanisms should serve to address potential barriers for investment and leverage potential public support for mitigation activities.
- International support for NAMAs needs to be flexible in order to provide tailor-made solutions that are appropriate for the circumstances and capabilities of different countries. International funds should be used to enable the implementation of NAMAs and leverage additional public and/or private capital investment. A strategy for self-sustained implementation at national level should be envisaged.